We all know the rule about subjects and verbs: S + V = Sentence.
We also know the rules about changing verbs to fit their subjects, like:
– I like that restaurant.
– She likes that restaurant.
– We liked that restaurant.
When we separate the noun from its verb, things can get a bit trickier. This usually happens when you use an adjective clause to describe the noun your verb is attached to. For example:
That’s the man who is giving our exam.
I am the student that has the highest mark.
The red words show the verb and noun in the adjective clause, but the blue words show the main subjects and verbs for each sentence. They can be easy to miss, because they’re usually small and right at the beginning, but be careful not to mix them up. What you don’t want is:
I am the student that have the highest mark.
It can be really tempting to do this, because we spend so long thinking about “I have” and “he has”, but remember that your verb inside the adjective clause has to be about what the adjective clause is describing, in this case, “student”, not “I”.
Let’s try another example. See if you can find the error.
You are the teacher who _____ music class.
Did you get it right? Remember, the verb “teach” isn’t about “You”, it’s about “teacher”. So, “teacher teaches”.
Here are a few more to try. Remember, always look for noun that is the subject of the adjective clause!
I’m usually the worker who _______ the latest, here.
We are the group that _____ to all the different restaurants together!
My homework is always the one that _____ the most red marks.
You are the student that _____ the exam!
*Remember, past tense is the same!
How did you do? Remember to use the noun that’s the object of the adjective clause, so:
student… passed (Get it? Because it’s past? I think my English jokes are funny!)
Great work! To learn more about how to better utilize adjective clauses, contact LingoLoop today!